Demonstrative Adjectives

Demonstrative Adjectives

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Added by October 19, 2013

FRENCH DEMONSTRATIVE ADJECTIVES

Learn how to form demonstrative adjectives in French

Watch this video on French demonstrative adjectives and then use what you’ve learned to do the exercise sheet below. Free French lesson online, to learn some grammatical basics.

EXERCISES ON FRENCH DEMONSTRATIVE ADJECTIVES (Pdf)

 

TRANSCRIPT OF THIS LESSON ON FRENCH DEMONSTRATIVE ADJECTIVES

SOSO: Bonjour Bonjour!

Comment ça va? Ready to learn all there is to know about demonstrative adjectives? It’s not too difficult so let’s dive right in!

In English, demonstrative adjectives are the little words THIS/THAT/THESE and THOSE.

In French, we have the same translation for THIS and THAT, and for THESE and THOSE. Basically we don’t pay attention to the proximity or not, of the object designated. We only pay attention to the gender and number of the noun that follows the demonstrative adjective. You’re following? If not, rewind!

The French equivalents of THIS and THAT are CE/CET/CETTE. We use CE in front of masculine nouns starting with a consonant, and we use CET in front of masculine nouns starting with a vowel sound. We use CETTE in front of all feminine nouns.

Jacques 1 and Ninou are gonna give you a few examples.

JACQUES 1: Coucou! Let’s go with masculine nouns first. How would you say THIS or THAT mirror?

NINOU: Euh… Salut! Euh… – CE miroir

JACQUES 1: How would you say THIS or THAT weird friend

NINOU: – CET ami étrange

JACQUES 1: Now let’s add some feminine attributes! How would you say THIS or THAT sexy dress

NINOU: – CETTE robe sexy

SOSO: Some good news now! For the translation of THESE and THOSE, you don’t need to pay attention to the gender of the noun. The demonstrative adjective you need is CES, whether the noun is feminine or masculine.

JACQUES 1: Des exemples! How would you say THESE or THOSE beautiful girls

NINOU: CES belles filles

JACQUES 1: And how would you say THESE or THOSE cute men

NINOU: CES hommes mignons

SOSO: Here’s a little chart for you to refer to…


FRENCH DEMONSTRATIVE ADJECTIVES: 

CE + masc (CE MIROIR)

CET + masculine starting with a vowel sound (CET AMI)

CETTE + feminine (CETTE ROBE)

CES + plural (feminine and/or masculine) (CES BELLES FILLES / CES HOMMES MIGNONS)


SOSO: One last point to finish this lesson. If you want to translate for example THIS MIRROR HERE, you can add “-CI” after the noun, so that you’ll have CE MIROIR-CI. If the mirror is THERE, you can add “-LÀ” after the noun, so that you’ll have CE MIROIR-LÀ.

-CI and –LÀ, also allow to compare two items. So you could say “J’aime ce miroir-ci, mais je n’aime pas ce miroir-là”. In English, I like this mirror, but I don’t like that one. Got it? Are you ready to be quizzed by me? Then let’s get on with it!

Pause the video if you need to grab a piece of paper and a pen, and if not, let’s start now. I give you the words in English, you translate them into French.

This car / Those men / These women / That house / This flower here/ These streets / That tree there

JACQUES 1: And the answers are…

NINOU: This car –

JACQUES 1: CETTE VOITURE /

JACQUES 1/NINOU: Those men – CES HOMMES / These women – CES FEMMES / That house – CETTE MAISON / This flower here – CETTE FLEUR-CI / These streets – CES RUES / That tree there – CET ARBRE-LÀ.

SOSO: Voilà, that’s all there is to know about demonstrative adjectives. You can now use them and abuse them.

JACQUES 1: Never abuse anything Soso!

SOSO: Oh sorry, Jacques 1! I forgot for a second. For now bon français et à plus tard.

JACQUES 1: A plus les amis!

NINOU: Au revoir!

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