Learn French: Simple Future Tense

Learn French: Simple Future Tense

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Added by October 2, 2014

LE FUTUR SIMPLE

How to conjugate French verbs in the Future

Learn French verbs: Le futur simple You may already know how to form the near future, LE FUTUR PROCHE, in French, using the verb ALLER. If not, here’s YOUR LESSON ON THE FRENCH IMMEDIATE FUTURE. Click on the link and learn all there is to know about it.

But there is another future tense you can use: LE FUTUR SIMPLE. One thing you’ll notice about this tense is that it always includes the letter “R”. Why’s that? Because of how we form it:

Infinitive of Verb + Future Endings (-AI, -AS, -A, -ONS, -EZ, -ONT)

A little trick to remember those endings: they’re very similar to the conjugation of AVOIR in the present tense.


Here are some examples of -ER and -IR ending verbs conjugated in the simple future tense:

DANSER                                                                                 FINIR

Je danserAI                                                                            Je finirAI

Tu danserAS                                                                          Tu finirAS

Il/Elle/On danserA                                                                  Il/Elle/On finirA

Nous danserONS                                                                   Nous finirONS

Vous danserEZ                                                                       Vous finirEZ

Ils/Elles danserONT                                                               Ils/Elles finirONT

As for -RE ending verbs, they kind of follow the rule, but not quite, since you’re going to have to drop the -E of the infinitive to form the future. This is what I mean:

PRENDRE

Je prendrAI

Tu prendrAS

Il/Elle/On prendrA

Nous prendrONS

Vous prendrEZ

Ils/Elles prendrONT

All clear in your head? Then now, we can add the list of IRREGULAR VERBS you’re going to have to memorize! Yay!! Let’s work those memory muscles! Here is a list of those verbs in the infinitive, with their irregular future stems:

ALLER (to go): IR-                                                                       

APERCEVOIR (to have a quick look at): APERCEVR-        

AVOIR (to have): AUR-      

CUEILLIR (to pick): CUEILLER-         

COURIR (to run): COURR-         

DEVOIR (to have to): DEVR-       

ENVOYER (to send): ENVERR-     

ÊTRE (to be): SER-       

FAIRE (to do): FER-

FALLOIR (one has to): IL FAUDRA  

MOURIR (to die): MOURR-

POUVOIR (to be able to): POURR-

PLEUVOIR (to rain): IL PLEUVRA

RECEVOIR (to receive): RECEVR-

S’ASSEOIR (to sit down): S’ASSIÉR-  or S’ASSOIR-                   

SAVOIR (to know): SAUR-

TENIR (to hold): TIENDR-

VALOIR (to be worth): VAUDR-

VENIR (to come): DEVIENDR-

VOIR (to see): VERR-

Et voilà, you can now talk about the FUTURE in French!!! So, plan ahead… 

Soraya Garre, French actressSoso

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